“Public space is thus nothing but physical space allocated to the political activity of urban citizens. Therefore free access to public space is considered one of the main determinants of democracy.”—Krzysztof Nawratek - City as a Political Idea (via socio-logic)
Positive discussion & debate between fresh hearts and experienced minds ~ qanda ep41.
I may be biased as an undecided voter and studying economics, but this is the duck’s nuts of #qanda ep’s. As enthralling as it may be, it highlights the disappointing situation whereby these two and their optimistic conviction’s were viewed as a liability to their respective parties. An honourable mention should go to Heather Ridout for her thoughtful insightwhile a dishonourable mention to Judith Sloan for her bigoted, downward pointing rhetoric.
MORE and more Americans are taking to the road on two wheels. Between 1977 and 2009 the total number of annual bike trips more than tripled, while the bike’s share of all trips rose from 0.6% to 1%. Commuting cyclists have also increased in number, with twice as many biking to work in 2009 as in 2000.
The growth comes thanks to cycle-friendly policymaking and increases in government spending. In Portland, which brought in a comprehensive programme, cycling levels have increased sixfold since the early 1990s. In Chicago the motivation is to improve the quality of life, and thus encourage both businesses and families to move there.
In a forthcoming book, “City Cycling”, John Pucher and Ralph Buehler argue that the bike boom needs to be expanded to a broader cross-section of people. Almost all the growth in cycling in America has come from men aged 25-64. Rates of cycling have actually fallen slightly among women and sharply among children, most probably because of nervousness about safety. But in fact cycling is getting safer all the time. According to a paper by Messrs Pucher and Buehler with Mark Seinen, fatalities per 10m bike trips fell by 65% between 1977 and 2009, from 5.1 to 1.8. In their book, the authors claim that the health benefits of cycling far exceed the safety risks.
As 48% of trips in American cities are shorter than three miles, there is big potential for further growth.